Endocrinology is the study of hormones. There are several hormonal disorders commonly seen in dogs and cats. Signs observable in pets with endocrine disease vary widely based on the nature of the system involved.
Hypothyroidism is an example of a commonly seen endocrine disorder in older dogs. The thyroid gland is a gland which controls metabolism, and hypothyroidism indicates an underactive thyroid gland. Clinical signs of hypothyroidism include weight gain and lethargy. Hyperthryoidism on the other hand, is a commonly seen disorder in older cats in which the thyroid gland is overactive. Clinical signs of hyperthyroidism include weight gain, increased appetite and hyperactivity.
Endocrine disorders are diagnosed based on clinical signs and blood tests. Many common endocrine diseases may be well controlled with medication. Please contact us if you notice signs such as abnormal energy levels or behaviour, abnormal drinking or eating habits, excessive panting, skin issues or weight fluctuations.